Influence of crop seasons to quality attributes of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris L.) and cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L.) in the sub-tropical zone of Vietnam

Citation :- Influence of crop seasons to quality attributes of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris L.) and cantaloupe (Cucumis meloL.) in the sub-tropical zone of Vietnam. Res. Crop. 24: 99-104
NGUYEN PHUOC MINH nguyenphuocminh@tdmu.edu.vn
Address : Institute of Applied Technology, Thu Dau Mot University, Binh Duong Province, Vietnam
Submitted Date : 25-10-2022
Accepted Date : 4-02-2023


Watermelon and cantaloupe are vital fruits that supply the basic energy requirement along with reduction in poverty of millions of farmers. However, the nutritional quality is influenced by soil, climatic condition and cultivation technique, adopted by the local farmers which needs to be explored in depth. Therefore, this research was conducted at Chon Thanh district, Binh Phuoc province, Vietnam in 2021 to survey the impact of crop seasons (winter-spring and autumn-winter) on the proximate composition, phenolic content and antioxidant activity of watermelon and cantaloupe fruits. This investigation was carried out on 24 orchards (for watermelon) and 18 green-houses (for cantaloupe) of Binh Phuoc province, Vietnam with total 216 watermelon fruits and 162 cantaloupe fruits in the winter–spring crop from October 2019 to March 2020; and total 216 watermelon fruits and 162 cantaloupe fruits in the autumn-winter crop from April 2020 to September 2020. Results showed that winter-spring provided a minor higher proximate composition, phenolic content and antioxidant activity on both the watermelon and cantaloupe fruits than ones grown in the autumn-winter season. It could be explained by the effect of crop seasons on the growth of fruits and accumulation of quality attributes.


Antioxidant autumn-winter cantaloupe phenolic watermelon winter-spring


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