Effect of seed priming on growth and yield of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum) in central plain region of Punjab

DOI: 10.31830/2348-7542.2023.ROC-880    | Article Id: ROC-880 | Page : 1-7
Citation :- Effect of seed priming on growth and yield of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum) in central plain region of Punjab. Res. Crop. 24: 1-7
Address : P. G. Department of Agriculture, Khalsa College, Amritsar, G. T. Road, Amritsar-143 001, Punjab, India
Submitted Date : 8-10-2022
Accepted Date : 11-01-2023


Poor seed germination affects growth and yield of crop under late sown conditions. Therefore, this research was conducted to study the effect of seed priming on growth and yield of late sown wheat at student's Research Farm, Department of Agriculture, Khalsa College, Amritsar, India during rabi 2020-21 and 2021-22. The experiment was set up in a randomised block design which included 10 treatments and three replications. Late sown variety PBW 752 of wheat was used during experiment. The results showed that using different treatments of seed priming had no significant effect on parameters i.e. test weight, harvest index and protein content but other parameters like plant height, dry matter accumulation, leaf area index, number of tillers, number of effective tillers, spikelets per spike, grains per ear, biological yield, grain yield and straw yield were significantly affected by seed priming.  In the treatment of seed priming with potassium nitrate @ 10,000 ppm recorded highest grain yield (34.9 q/ha), biological yield (87.67 q/ha), effective tillers per metre row (50.30), spike length (9.50 cm) and number of grains per spike (38.20). The results of this study allowed us to draw the conclusion that wheat grain production can be improved by seed priming under late sown conditions.


Grain yield potassium nitrate seed priming wheat yield parameters


Basra, S. M. A., Ehsan Ullah, Warraich, E. A., Cheema, M. A. and Afzal, I. (2003). Effect of storage on growth and yield of primed canola (Brassica napus L) seeds. Int. J. Agric.  Biol. 3: 117-20.
Bates, L. S., Waldren, R. P. and Teare, I. D. (1973). Rapid determination of proline for water stress studies. Plant Soil.  39: 205-08.
Binang, W. B., Shiyam, J. Q. and Ntia, J. D. (2012). Effect of seed priming method on agronomic performances and cost effectiveness of rainfed, dry-seeded NERICA rice. Res. J.  Seed Sci. 5: 136-43.
Chang, Yuan-Chun and Lee, Tse-Min (1999). High temperature-induced free proline accumulation in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Rhodophyta). Bot. Bull Acad. Sin. 40: 289-94.
Dawood and Mona, G. (2018). Stimulating plant tolerance against abiotic stress through seed priming. Advances in Seed Priming. pp. 147-83. doi:10.1007/978-981-13-0032-5_10.
Jatana, B. S., Ram, H. and Gupta, N. (2020). Application of seed and foliar priming strategies to improve the growth and productivity of late sown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Cereal Res. Commun. 48: 383-90.
Kajla, M., Yadav, V. K., Chhokar, R. S. and Sharma, R. K. (2015). Management practices to mitigate the impact of high temperature on wheat. J. Wheat Res. 7: 1-12.
Khalilvand Behrouzyar, E. and Yarnia, M. (2014). Effect of ethanol, methanol, zinc, manganese and boron seed priming on ageing, seed germination and physiological characteristics in canola under water deficit stress. Res. Crop. 15: 116-21.
Mahboob, W., Rehman, U. R., Basra, H., Afzal, S. M. A., Abbas, L., Naeem, M. A. and Sarwar, M. (2015). Seed priming improves the performance of late sown spring maize (Zea mays) through better crop stand and physiological attributes. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 17. doi: 10.17957/IJAB/
Mickky, B. M. (2022). Seed priming as a strategy to improve wheat productivity under abiotic stress: Global meta-analysis. J.  Plant Growth Regul. 41: 1397-1410.
Mitra Aeini, Hossein Heidari Sharif Abad, Mojtaba Yousefidad, Eslam Majidi Heravan and Hamid Madani (2018). Effect of seed priming on morphological and biochemical characteristics of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under drought stress. Crop Res. 53: 45-52.
Rahil Golfam, Khadijeh Kiarostami, Tahmineh Lohrasebi, Shabnam Hasrak and Khadijeh Razavi (2021). A review of drought stress on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) starch. Farm. Manage. 6: 47-57.
Sattar, A., Cheema, M. A., Farooq, M., Wahid, M. A., Wahid, A. and Babar, B. H. (2010). Evaluating the performance of wheat cultivars under late sown conditions. IJAB 4: 561-65.
Savvides, A., Ali, S., Tester, M. and Fotopoulos, V. (2016). Chemical priming of plants against multiple abiotic stresses: Mission possible? Trends Plant Sci.  21: 329-40.
Shahzad, M., Ayub, M., Ahmed, A. U. H. and Yaseen, M. (2012). Influence of priming techniques on emergence and seedling growth of forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L). JAPS 22: 154-58.
Singh, B. A., Gangwar, C. S., Singh, P. and Maurya, C. L. (2017).  Effect of seed priming on quality parameters of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds harvested under irrigated and rainfed conditions. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 6: 1646-50.
Soleimanzadeh, H. (2013). Effect of seed priming on germination and yield of corn. Int. J. Agric. Crop Sci. 5: 366-69.
Tabassum, T., Farooq, M., Ahmad, R., Zohaib, A., Wahid, A. and Shahid, M. (2018). Terminal drought and seed priming improve drought tolerance in wheat. Physiol. Mol. Bio. Plants 24: 845-56.
Tiwari, T. N., Kamal, D., Singh, R. K. and Prasad, S. R. (2014). Relative efficacy of seed priming with potassium nitrate and tap water in relation to germination, invigoration, growth, nitrate assimilation and yield of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). Ann. Agric. Res. 35: 2.
Wahid, A., Noreen, A., Basra, S. M. A., Gelani, S. and Farooq, M. (2008). Priming-induced metabolic changes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) achenes improve germination and seedling growth. Bot.  Stud. 49: 343-50.
Yadav, R. K., Pandey, A. K., Kewat, R. N. and Gopal, R. (2016). Effect of seed priming on yield and biochemical characteristic of wheat in sodic soil of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. IJBSM 7: 545-49.

Global Footprints