Evaluation of different biocontrol agents against collar rot (Sclerotium rolsii Sacc.) of chickpea under pot condition

DOI: 10.31830/2456-8724.2024.FM-139    | Article Id: FM-139 | Page : 48-51
Citation :- Evaluation of different biocontrol agents against collar rot (Sclerotium rolsii Sacc.) of chickpea under pot condition. Farm. Manage. 9: 48-51
I. B. KAPADIYA AND K. JAGADEESHA ibkapadiya@jau.in
Address : Wheat Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh - 362 001, Gujarat, India
Submitted Date : 21-05-2024
Accepted Date : 2-06-2024


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) family fabaceae is one of the most important leguminous crops grown all around the world. The crop was found to suffer from collar rot disease caused by Sclerotium rolsii Sacc. in severe form in many regions of Gujarat where groundnut-chickpea cropping sequence is present. So, for its management different biocontrol agents were evaluated under pot condition. Among them antagonists found best in inhibition in dual culture experiment were selected for pot culture experiment. The seed treatment of Trichoderma spp. isolate 3 was found most effective with incidence of 22.79 per cent. Pseudomonus fluorescence was observed as second most effective bioagent in reducing disease incidence with 61.76 per cent followed by Bacillus subtilis with 74.85 per cent disease incidence. Similarly, organic amendments viz., farm yard manure, neem cake, vermicompost and poultry manure enriched with effective bioagents were evaluated in pot culture experiment and found that all were effective in reducing per cent disease incidence. Among them farm yard manure enriched with Trichoderma spp. isolate 3 showed maximum reduction of disease incidence of 5.09, followed by neem cake, vermicompost and poultry manure enriched with Trichoderma spp. isolate 3 by recording disease incidence of 8.08, 8.91 and 31.54 %, respectively.


 Biocontrol agents chickpea collar rot Sclerotium rolsii


Agrawal, S. C., Khare, M. N. and Agrawal, P. S. (1977). Biological control of Sclerotiurn rolfsii causing collar rot of lentil. Indian Phytopathol. 30: 176-79.
Aycock, R. A. (1966). Stem rot and other diseases caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. N. C. Agriculture Experimentation Station. Technical Bulletin. 17.
Aykroyd, W. R. and Doughty, J. (1964). Legumes in human nutrition. FAO Nutrition Studies No. 19, Rome.
Bhatia, S. D., Dubey R. C. and Maheswari, D. K. (2005). Enhancement of plant growth and suppression of collar rot of sunflower caused by Sclerotium rolfsii through fluorescent Pseudomonas. Indian Phytopathol. 58: 17-24.
Chibbar, R. N., Ambigaipalan, P. and Hoover, R. (2010). Molecular diversity in pulse seed starch and complex carbohydrates and its role in human nutrition and health. Cereal Chem. 87: 342-52. doi:10.1094/CCHEM-87-4-0342.
Jadon, K. S. (2009). Eco-friendly management of brinjal collar rot caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. Indian Phytopathol. 62: 345-47.
Knights, E. J., Acikgoz, N., Warkentin, T., Bejiga, G., Yadav, S. S. and Sandu, J. S. (2007). Area, production and distribution. In: Chickpea Breeding and Management. CABI Publishing. pp. 167-78. doi:10.1079/9781845932138.007.
Lahre, S. K., Khare, N., Lakpale, N. and Chaliganjewar, S. D. (2012). Efficacy of bio-agents and organic amendments against Sclerotium rolfsii in chickpea. J. Pl. Dis. Sci. 7: 32-34.
Mathur, S. B. and Sinha, S. (1968). Disease development in guar (Cyamopsis psoraloides D.C.) and gram (Cicer arietinum L.) attacked with Sclerotium rolfsii under different soil pH conditions. Phytopathol. 62: 319-22. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.1968.tb02353.x.
Maurya, O. and Kumar, H. (2018). Growth of chickpea production in India. J. Pharmacog.  Phytochem. 7: 1175-77.
Punja, Z. K. (1988). Sclerotium rolfsii, a pathogen of many plant species. In: Sidhu GS, ed. Genetics of Plant Pathogenic Fungi. London: Academic Press. pp. 523-34.  doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-033706-4.50039-6.
Ranasingh, N., Saurabh, A. and Nedunchezhiyan, M. (2006). Use of Trichoderma in disease management. Orissa Rev. 63: 68-70.
Singh, S., Nirmalkar, V. K., Tiwari, R. K. S., Jangre, A.  and Kumar, P. (2017). Integration of Trichoderma, Pseudomonas and fungicides for the control of collar rot disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Int. J. Agric. Environ. Biotechnol. 10: 125-31. doi:10.5958/2230-732X.2017.00005.5.
Swathi, B. L., Patibanda, A. K. Krishna, P. J., Krishnayya, P. V and Lal, A. M. (2018). Biocontrol efficacy of Trichoderma isolates against Sclerotium rolfsii causing collar rot disease in chickpea. Int. J. Agric. Sci. 10: 5880-84.
Vinod, K. N., Shyam, S., Rajkumar, S. T., Prasant, P. S. and Dushyant, K. K. (2017). Field efficacy of Trichoderma harzianum and Rhizobium against wilt complex of chickpea. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6: 1421-29. 

Global Footprints