Management of major insect pests of potato during rabi season using newer insecticide molecules 

DOI: 10.31830/2456-8724.2022.FM-105    | Article Id: FM-105 | Page : 36-45
Citation :- Management of major insect pests of potato during rabi season using newer insecticide molecules. Farm. Manage. 7: 36-45
P. K. NATIKAR, R. A. BALIKAI AND D. N. KAMBREKAR rabalikai@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agricultural Entomology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad - 580 005, Karnataka, India


      The field experiments were carried out in a randomized block design during rabi seasons of 2016-17 and 2017-18, to evaluate the effect of newer insecticide molecules against insect and mite pests of potato during rabi season in Karnataka, India. There were 10 treatments including an untreated check and replicated thrice. Kufri Pukhraj was used as a test variety in a plot size of 3 × 4 m with a spacing of 60 × 20 cm. Two sprays were taken up, the first being given 30 days after sowing and another 15 days later based on the economic threshold level of the pests. Among the insecticides evaluated, cyantraniliprole 10 OD @ 0.20 ml/l proved its excellence against shoot borer and defoliator by recording 65.27 and 72.69 per cent protection, respectively which was followed by spinosad 45 SC @ 0.20 ml/l (51.96 and 62.40%, respectively). Whereas in the case of sucking pests viz., aphid, leafhopper and whitefly, diafenthiuron 50 WP @ 1.00 g/l proved its superiority by documenting 78.00, 77.27 and 57.79 per cent protection, respectively. The highest percent protection over control against thrips was afforded by spinosad 45 SC @ 0.20 ml/l (67.54 %) followed by cyantraniliprole 10 OD @ 0.20 ml/l (58.62 %) and emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 0.25 g/l (49.70 %). In respect of mites, the treatment with spiromesifen 22.9 SC @ 1.00 ml/l registered the highest protection of 70.38 per cent. The treatment cyantraniliprole 10 OD @ 0.20 ml/l recorded highest net returns of Rs. 2,65,897/ha with benefit-cost ratio of 7.47 followed by spinosad 45 SC @ 0.20 ml/l (Rs. 2,38,558/ha and 6.60) and emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 0.25 g/l (Rs. 2,34,400/ha and 6.72).


Insect pests novel insecticides potato rabi


Anonymous (2021). Ukrinform- National News Agency of Ukraine, 8/16 Bohdan Khmelnytsky Str., Kyiv, Ukraine, 01601, dated 10-07-2021.
Balikai, R. A. (2020). Bio-efficacy of Spiromesifen 240 SC (Oberon 240 SC) against whitefly and mites in tomato. Farm. Manage. 5 : 75-84 .
Natikar, P. K. and Balikai, R. A. (2022) Bio‑efficacy of insecticides against major insect pests of potato during kharif season in India. Potato Res. 65 : 379-93.
Basavaraju, B. S., Shashank, P. R., Doddabasappa, B., Vijayakumar L. and Chakravarthy, A. K. (2010). Efficacy of poison baits and bio-pesticides against Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in potato. Pest Manage. Hort. Ecosyst. 16 : 64-68.
Bojan, V. (2021). Bio-efficacy, phytotoxicity, safety to natural enemies and residues of cyantraniliprole 10 OD on potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) under open field conditions. Crop Protec. 142 : doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105505.
Dharpure, S. R. (2002). Effectiveness of botanicals and ethofenprox with phorate against Myzus persicae in seed potato production. J. Indian Potato Assoc. 29 : 55-59.
Gangwar, R. K., Singh, D.V., Bhatnagar A. and Sachan, S. K. (2014). Brinjal shoot and fruit borer management with insecticides. Indian J. Entomol. 76 : 97-100.
Ghosal, A., Chatterjee, M. L. and Bhattacharya, A. (2013). Evaluation of some biorational pesticides for the management of shoot and fruit borer of brinjal and okra. Pesticide Res. J. 25 : 146-51.
Gupta, V. K., Rajender Parsad, Lal Mohan Bhar and Baidya Nath Mandal (2016). Statistical Analysis of Agricultural Experiments Part- I: Single Factor Experiments. ICAR-Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi- 110 012, India. Pp. 396.
Halder, J., Kodandaram, M. H., Rai, A. B. and Singh, B. (2015). Bio-efficacy of some newer acaroinsecticides against yellow mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) and thrips (Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood) in chilli. Pesticide Res. J. 27 : 171-74.
Kodandaram, M. H., Rai, A. B. and Singh, B. (2018). Efficacy of newer and neonicotinoid insecticides against whitefly Bemisia tabaci on vegetables. Indian J. Entomol. 80 : 559-62.
Konar, A. and Mohasin, M. D. (2003). Incidence of cutworm on potato in different locations of West Bengal. J. Indian Potato Assoc. 30 : 329-30.
Kroschel, J., Mujica, N., Okonya, J. and Alyokhin, A. (2020). Insect pests affecting potatoes in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. In: The Potato Crop (Eds.: H. Campos and O. Ortiz) Springer, Cham.
Lalruatsangi, K. (2021). Fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) a major insect pest of maize in India and its management: A review. Farm. Manage. 6 : 70-76.
Lodaya, J. P., Patel, N. B. and Acharya, R. R. (2017). Bio-efficacy of cyantraniliprole 10 OD W/V (HGW86 10 OD) against pests of potato. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6 : 309-17.
More, S. A., Kadam, N., Khamkar, M. B. and Gurav, S. B. (2015). Evaluation of new insecticides against sucking pests of potato. Bioinfolet 12(1B) : 195-97.
Natikar, P. K. and Balikai, R. A. (2018). Survey for insect pests of potato and their natural enemies in Dharwad, Belagavi and Hassan districts of Karnataka during kharif season. J. Farm Sci. 31 : 440-46.
Natikar, P. K. and Balikai, R. A. (2018a). Status of insect pests of potato and their natural enemies in Karnataka during rabi season. J. Exp. Zool. India 21 : 1163-72.
Natikar, P. K., Balikai, R. A. and Dharmatti, P. R. (2018). Sucking pest complex of potato in Dharwad district of northern Karnataka (India). J. Exp. Zool. India 21 : 55-57.
Pareet, J. D. and Basavanagoud, K. (2012). Use of biopesticides against Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. infestation and yield in brinjal. Ann. Pl. Protec. Sci. 20 : 79-82.
Patra, S., Chatterjee, M. L., Mondal, S. and Samanta, A. (2009).  Field evaluation of some new insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen.). Pesticide Res. J. 21 : 58-60.
Sajjan, A. A. and Rafee, C. M. (2015). Efficacy of insecticides against shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen.) in brinjal. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 28 : 284-85.
Sharma, J. H. and Tayade, A. R. (2017). Evaluation of biorational pesticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guen. on brinjal at Allahabad agroclimatic region. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 6 : 2049-54.
Sharma, S., Chandel, Y. S. and Sharma, P. C. (2018). Residual toxicity of different insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 6 : 2115-18.
Shirale, D., Patil, M., Zehr, U. and Parimi, S. (2012). Newer insecticides for the management of brinjal fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis. Indian J. Plant Protec. 40 : 273-75.
Shutko, A. P., Repukhova, N. V., Tuturzhans, L. V. and Mikhno, L. A. (2021). Potato moth (Phthorimaea operculella Zeller) regulation methods and reducing phytosanitary risks of its spread. Res. Crops. 22(Spl issue) : 35-37.
Susante, A., Setiawati, W., Udiarto, B. K. and Kurniadie, D. (2021). Toxicity and efficacy of selected insecticides for managing invasive fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize in Indonesia. Res. Crop. 22 : 652-65.
Susheelkumar, M. J., Rajashekharappa, K., Maradi, R. M., Hegde, J. N. and Gangaprasad, S. (2020). Bio-efficacy of Insecticides against okra leafhopper, Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 9 : 460-65.
Tarun Srivastava (2021). Potato, onion production estimated at record. March 8, 2021 https://www.moneymonetize.com › potato-onion-production.
Teixeira, L. A. and Andaloro, J. T. (2013). Diamide insecticides: global efforts to address insect resistance stewardship challenges. Pesticide Biochem. Physiol. 106 : 76-78.
Tripura A., Chatterjee, M. L., Pande, R. and Patra S. (2017).  Biorational management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee) in mid-hills of Meghalaya. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 5 : 41-45.
Yadav, S. R. and Kumawat, K. C. (2014). Efficacy of chemical and bio-insecticides against major insect pests of brinjal, Solanum melongena Linn. Pesticide Res. J. 26 : 128-35.
Yawale, A. S., Gawande, R. W. and Shinde, S. S. (2019). Efficacy of newer insecticides against Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen.) on brinjal. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 7 : 675-82. 


Global Footprints